The Future of Non-Ferrous Slag to 2029

In 2019 production volumes of non-ferrous slag will be over 116.4 million tonnes worldwide.

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Product detail
Product type: Market report
Date of publication: 26 Apr 2019
Product format: Digital, Hard Copy
Number of tables: 120
  • This new study from Smithers Apex tracks and critically analyses how this market will develop across the next ten years, with forecast growth at 1.0% CAGR to reach 133.7 million tonnes in 2029.
     
  • This growth will take place against a background of profound changes in the industry with new environmental and legislative pressures pushing the development of practical end uses for non-ferrous slag as an alternative to landfill.
     
  • Key growth applications include use as aggregates in the construction sector, and into higher value products, such Portland cement. 
     
  • This report critically assesses these markets changes, charting how value in the global industry will rise from $4.66 million to $4.99 million.

description

Our exclusive content:

  • Exclusive market sizes and 10 year forecasts for the six principal non-ferrous slags globally
     
  • Expert analysis of evolution in smelting processes, commercial dynamics and regulatory requirements and their impact on industry profitability
     
  • Over 100 data tables and figures providing unparalleled strategic insight.

Methodology:

This report is based on an original investigation combining both primary and secondary research targeted specifically on the nonferrous slag industry. Primary research involved confidential telephone interviews with informed sources at key points across the global value chain for production and use of non-ferrous slag.
 

This was combined with a comprehensive secondary research programme encompassing metal and construction industry databases, industry trade associations, company websites, research studies, conference papers and articles in specialist industry journals.

These were then moderated using a Delphi market research model to provide detailed market forecasts for future growth across multiple market segmentations.

What will you discover?

  • Current and future metal smelting and slag production volumes for six major non-ferrous metal (aluminium, copper, leadzinc, nickel, phosphorus,and tin) types and four minor types (chromium, magnesium, manganese, and silicon) 
     
  • Current and forecast regulatory and industry sustainability developments and how these will generate new markets for non-ferrous slag
     
  • What key end-use applications in construction and related fields will generate new profit for nonferrous slag

Who should buy this report?

  • Metal smelters and mining corporations
  • Non-ferrous slag end-users Process equipment manufacturers
  • National and international environmental regulatory agencies and NGOs
  • Consultants and analysts.

Table of Contents

Executive Summary       

Introduction and methodology

Non-ferrous metals, slag materials and pyrometallurgical processes     

  • Technical categories of metals  
  • Pyrometallurgical processes       
  • Typical smelting processes          
    • Reverberatory furnace smelting for copper
    • Flash smelting          
    • Mitsubishi technology          
    • Noranda smelting   
    • Sirosmelt    
    • Chinese bottom blowing technology
    • Precious metals recovery    
    • Slag by-product       
    • Pyrometallurgical treatment for recycling mixed non-ferrous metals              
    • Secondary copper production           
    • Submerged Arc Furnace process for phosphorus production
  • Characterisation of by-product slag produced from non-ferrous smelting
  • Slag by-products from base metal and phosphorus production          
    • Aluminium slag        
    • Copper slag
    • Lead-zinc slag
    • Nickel slag  
    • Phosphorus slag      
    • Tin slag        
  • Non-ferrous slag by-products from minor metal production and their alloys
  • Chromium
    • Chrome alumina slag
    • Ferrochrome slag
  • Magnesium slag
  • Manganese
    • Silico-manganese alloy slag
    • Ferro-manganese slag   
  • Silicon
    • Ferro-silicon slag
  • Non-ferrous metals process developments

Non-ferrous slag: Industry drivers and dynamics

  • Introduction      
  • Non-ferrous slag supply chain   
  • Competitive landscape including key players      
  • Non-ferrous slag supply and demand situation
  • Top drivers and trends affecting the adoption of non-ferrous slag           
    • Regulations       
    • Sustainability    
    • Regional trends               
    • Shifting manufacturing capacities            
    • Impact of competitive materials               
  • Pricing issues    

Non-ferrous slag production by slag type, 2016-2029     

  • Introduction
  • Typical applications
  • Slag recovery from legacy sources
  • Non-ferrous slag by type
    • Aluminium slag        
      • Benefits and limitations               
    • Copper slag               
      • Benefits and limitations               
    • Lead-zinc slag           
      • Benefits and limitations               
    • Nickel slag  
      • Benefits and limitations               
    • Phosphorous slag   
      • Benefits and limitations               
    • Tin slag        
      • Benefits and limitations               
  • Minor metal and their alloys      
    • Chromium
      • Ferrochrome slag            
    • Ferro-Silicon slag
    • Manganese
      • Ferromanganese Slag

Non-ferrous slag markets by end use 2016-2029

  • Introduction
  • End-use applications
    • Blast abrasive market    
    • Concrete            
    • Coarse aggregate            
    • Asphalt
    • Cement               
    • Civil engineering
    • Fertiliser and soil improvement material              
    • Other end uses
  • Typical applications for non-ferrous slag
    • Aluminium slag
    • Copper slag       
    • Lead-zinc slag   
    • Nickel slag          
    • Phosphorus slag              
    • Tin slag
  • Typical applications for minor metals and their alloys
    • Ferrochrome slag            
    • Ferrosilicon slag               
    • Ferromanganese slag

Non-ferrous slag markets by geographic region 2016-2029

  • Introduction      
  • Asia       
    • China    
    • India     
    • Japan   
  • North America 
    • US         
      • US regulations
  • Central and South America         
    • Brazil            
  • Western Europe              
    • EU regulations
      • Waste Framework Directive
      • REACH Regulation           
      • Environmental impact/EUCE and EAD marking
  • Central and Eastern Europe        
    • Russia  
      • Russia regulations
    • Kazakhstan        
  • Middle East       
  • Africa   
    • South Africa      
  • Australasia         

Company profiles

  • Introduction      
  • BHP Billiton        
  • China Hongqiao               
  • Codelco               
  • Doe Run              
  • Freeport McMoran (FCX)            
  • Glencore            
  • Harsco
  • Metallo-Chimique International               
  • Norilsk Nickel Group      
  • Nyrstar
  • fOutokumpu Tornio
    PT Timmah Indonesia
  • UC Rusal
  • Vale
  • Yilmaden
  • Yunnan Tin Group

Tables and Figures

  • Primary aluminium production volumes in ‘000 metric tonnes
  • Top 5 primary aluminium producers in the world (2017)
  • Production volume aluminium slag 2016–29 in (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Production value aluminium slag 2016–29 ($ million)
  • World refined copper production volume 2012-July 2018 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Top 5 copper producers in the world in 2017–16 (million metric tonnes)
  • Copper slag production by country 2016–29, by volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Copper slag production by country 2016–29, by value ($ million)
  • Lead metal production (primary and secondary process) 2013– 2018 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Largest lead producing companies (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Lead-zinc slag production by country 2016–29, by volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Lead-zinc slag production by country 2016–29, by value ($ million)
  • Smelter/refinery production of  nickel (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Meltshop production (INGOT/SLAB equivalent) (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Largest nickel miners, 2017 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Refined nickel market balance, 2015–2019 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Nickel slag production by country 2016–29, by volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Nickel slag production by country 2016–29, by value ($ million)
  • Phosphorus rock volumes,2015–16 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • White phosphorus capacity/production volumes, 2015 (‘000metric tonnes)
  • Phosphorus slag production by country 2016–29, by volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Phosphorus slag production by country 2016–29, by value ($ million)
  • Smelter production (primary and secondary) of tin (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Top 10 global refined tinroducers, 2017 (‘000 metrictonnes)
  • Tin slag production by country 016–29, by volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Tin slag production by country 2016–29, by value ($ million) 
  • Chromium ores and concentrates  roduction, 2015–2016 (‘000)metric tonnes)
  • Ferrochrome slag production by country 2016–29, by volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • Typical slag composition  Chemical composition of two
  • copper slag samples
  • Typical iron silicate fines composition
  • Examples of composition range from 4 different primary lead smelters
  • Composition of imperial smelting furnace slag
  • Typical chemical composition:Fayalite slag from nickelproduction
  • Le Sland-ferronickel slag (FNS) from SLN Eramet
  • Schematic flow sheet of the
  • Mitsubishi process
  • Schematic diagram for smelting
  • of copper scrap ‘KSR recycling system’
  • Submerged-arc furnace forphosphorus production
  • Schematic diagram of the Hall–Héroult electrolyser cel Tin slags from tin production
  • process
  • ffSchematic drawing for melt
  • circulation production of
  • copper, lead and zinc
  • ffSchematic drawing for melt
  • circulation production of
  • copper and iron
  • ffTypical physical properties of
  • phosphorus slag
  • ffExample phosphate slag
  • composition arising from
  • Kazphosphate Ltd
  • ffExample composition of Bangka
  • tin slag
  • ffAverage chemical composition
  • of slags as determined by
  • microprobe (%)
  • ffTypical chemical composition
  • of tin slag
  • ffComparison of particle
  • densities of selected
  • aggregates and slags
  • ffWater absorption of tin slag
  • compared with other slags
  • ffExample of Ferrochrome Slag
  • composition
  • ffExample of Ferrochrome Slag
  • data and consistency
  • ffRange of slag compositions
  • from magnesium production by
  • thermal process routes
  • ffNon-ferrous slag: Top 5 drivers
  • and trends 2018–29
  • ffEstimated 2017 volume
  • demand for silica sand by
  • region in (%)
  • ffProduction volumes of nonferrous
  • slag by key markets
  • 2016–29 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffProduction volumes of
  • non-ferrous slag by material
  • 2016–29 (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffProduction value of non-ferrous
  • slag by material 2016–29 ($
  • million)
  • ffFerrochrome slag production by
  • country 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffFerrosilicon slag production by
  • country 2016–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffFerrosilicon slag production by
  • country 2014–27, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffFerromanganese slag production
  • by country 2016–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffFerromanganese slag production
  • by country 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffNon -ferrous slag consumption
  • by end use 2016–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • by end use 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffEstimated volume share of
  • non-ferrous slag usage by end
  • application in North America
  • in 2019, excluding landfill as a
  • waste (%)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag end user market
  • share by material 2019, by value
  • (%)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag end use market
  • share by material 2029, by value
  • %)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • for concrete 2019–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • for concrete 2016–29, by value
  • ($ million)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • for cement 2016–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • for cement 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • for civil engineering 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption
  • for civil engineering 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption for
  • other applications 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffNon-ferrous slag consumption for
  • other applications 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffExample physical and chemical
  • parameters phosphorus slag
  • ffNon-ferrous slag production by
  • region 2016–29, by volume (‘000
  • metric tonnes)
  • ffTable non-ferrous slag
  • production by region 2016–29,
  • by value ($ million)
  • ffAsia non-ferrous slag production
  • by type 2016–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffAsia non-ferrous slag production
  • by type 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffChina non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffChina non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffMajor environment protection
  • standards in China
  • ffSolid waste slags banned/
  • restricted from importation in
  • China
  • ffIndia non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffIndia non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffJapan non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffJapan non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffNorth America non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffNorth America non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffUS non-ferrous slag production
  • by type 2016–29, by volume
  • (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffUS non-ferrous slag production
  • by type 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffCentral and South America
  • non-ferrous slag production by
  • type 2016–29, by volume (‘000
  • metric tonnes)
  • ffCentral and South America nonferrous
  • slag production by type
  • 2016–29, by value ($ million)
  • ffBrazil non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffBrazil non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffWestern Europe non-ferrous
  • slag production by type
  • 2016–29, by volume (‘000
  • metric tonnes)
  • ffWestern Europe non-ferrous
  • slag production by type
  • 2016–29, by value ($ million)
  • ffCentral and Eastern Europe
  • non-ferrous slag production by
  • type 2016–29, by volume (‘000
  • metric tonnes)
  • ffCentral and Eastern Europe
  • non-ferrous slag production
  • by type 2016–29, by value ($
  • million)
  • ffRussia non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffRussia non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffKazakhstan non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)
  • ffKazakhstan non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • value ($ million)
  • ffMiddle East non-ferrous slag
  • production by type 2016–29, by
  • volume (‘000 metric tonnes)